participation in environmental problem solving
(Training Module 3, Part 5)
participation is part of the Training Module No. 3 on environmental
communication. This educational material
The material presents a variety of practical
examples to describe public involvement and environmental activism both in
Latvia and internationally.
- explains the nature of public
- provides an insight into the different forms of participation and
- characterizes institutional framework of the participation as well
as environmental activism.
The concept of public participation should
be addressed in the direct context of participatory democracy development.
Public participation is often accomplished through non-governmental
organizations (NGOs). Their purpose is to promote civic participation - the
individual's involvement in society and public life. Non-governmental sector is
the field of public activity, which consists of both formal and non-formal
public networks existing outside the public power sector and the business sector.
Evolution of environmental
non-governmental organizations can be divided into several stages. The modern
environmental movement began in the 60s of the 20th century, and many
international environmental organizations were established in the seventies. The
material also provides an insight into the development of environmental NGOs in
role of public participation in the context of environmental management, an
analysis of organized groups of society – NGOs and interactions with other
environmental management target groups is provided.
There are three
environmental NGOs functions:
- The mediator's
deals with public participation legal framework - internationally and
nationally, including national legislation and specific environmental
protection legislation, which provides opportunities for public participation.
framework of public participation is covered too, as well as commonly used
forms of participation, their advantages and disadvantages. Material discusses
also examples of environmental activism, and presents an insight into NGO’s
The materials in Latvian:
TM-3.5 Description (doc) (23.5 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt1 latvian (ppt) (203 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt2 latvian (ppt) (177.5 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt3 latvian (ppt) (177.5 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt4 latvian (ppt) (204 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt5 latvian (ppt) (240.5 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt6 latvian (ppt) (185 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt7 latvian (ppt) (167.5 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt8 latvian (ppt) (186 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt9 latvian (ppt) (480 KB)
TM-3.5 PublPartic Chapt10 latvian (ppt) (168.5 KB)